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That all and every person or persons, as well peers as commoners, that shall bear any office or offices civil or military. THE BAPTIST QUARTERLY or shall be of the household, or in the service or employment of his Majesty, or of his Royal Highness the Duke of York . . .shall . .. take the several Oaths of Supremacy and Allegiance,. . . and the respective officers aforesaid shall also receive the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper according to the usage of the Church of England ... And be it further enacted ... That at the same time when the persons concerned in this act shall take the aforesaid Oaths of Supremacy and Allegiance, they shall likewise make and subscribe this declaration following. . . ."I, A.B. do declare, That I do believe that there is not any transubstantiation in the sacrament of the Lord's Supper, or in the elements of Bread and Wine, at or after the consecration thereof by any person whatsoever .... "
Oliver Ellsworth summed up reason for the no religious tests clause:
A religious test is an act to be done, or profession to be made, relating to religion (such as partaking of the sacrament according to certain rites and forms, or declaring one's belief of certain doctrines,) for the purpose of determining whether his religious opinions are such, that he is admissable to a publick office. A test in favour of any one denomination of Christians would be to the last degree absurd in the United States. If it were in favour of either congregationalists, presbyterians, episcopalions, baptists, or quakers, it would incapacitate more than three-fourths of the American citizens for any publick office; and thus degrade them from the rank of freemen. There need no argument to prove that the majority of our citizens would never submit to this indignity.
As I recall Al Smith was on the ballot in every state.Prior to Kennedy, being Catholic would have disqualified you.Answer my question: How is that a test at law? You're doing everything but answering my question.Being Muslim today would do likewise today.
By the way, every state requires candidates to collect signatures in order to be placed on a ballot. We call that "qualifying" for the election.