Had Constantine lost the battle of Milvian Bridge....

Dec 2014
Mr. Blues,

Very interesting. Constantine divided the empire between his three sons upon his death. Within a few years, Constantius had consolidated power. Julian, Constantine's nephew had no interest in being emperor, and moved to Athens to be a philosopher (Constantius had his father and brother killed, so Julian wanted to make it known he was no threat). Nevertheless, Constantius made him Ceasar of the western empire, ostensibly to have him fail and have his generals depose him. turns out, he was a great military strategist and beat back a German invasion, and his generals named him emperor and backed him in a civil war against Constantius, who died as Julian marched on Constantinople.
Ammianus Marcellinus was a Roman soldier under Constantius I and later Julian II. His extant texts (Res Gestae Divi Augusti) are some of the best reading in the ancient world and undoubtedly the primary source for the book you relate.

The texts are published in English by Penguin.
Last edited:
Feb 2011
The formerly great golden state
Mr. bodisatva,

I have to disagree with you. Christianity was not a fringe cult, but rather, a growing movement. Constantine's decision to make it the official religion was no based on faith, but rather a political decision to bring the powerful Christian influence into the fold.
Even if you doubt Constantine's story of seeing a vision in the sky and think that he made Christianity the official religion in order to better consolidate his political power, which is a likely scenario, surely you see that doing so was a momentous decision in the grand scheme of things, one that had a profound effect on world history from that time forward.

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