I Slam Call It Fate Rift Origins Off Sunni Versus Shia

Jan 2011
" I Slam Call It Fate Rift Origins Off Sunni Versus Shia "

* Squabble Foibles Oops See *

The leaders of tribal vanities were playing a game of call it fate when the grandson of muhamad ended up dead , that also motivated the abbassid revolution .

Millions of Shiite Muslims traveled from across the Muslim world to walk in procession to the shrine of Imam Hussein in Karbala, Iraq, today for the world’s largest, yet largely unknown, annual pilgrimage. This ziyara, or visit, to the shrine in southern Iraq is known as the Arbaeen. It marks the end of 40 days of mourning for the martyrdom of Imam Hussein, a central moment in Shiite tradition.

This was also a unique opportunity to sample practicing religious women outside their homes, as religious women are active participants in the procession.

The pilgrimage’s unique processional nature facilitated this regional targeting during the survey process. Able-bodied Iraqi pilgrims walk from their homes across Iraq to Karbala, with some traveling as far as about 300 miles from Basra in the south. Iranians usually travel via bus to the city of Najaf, 50 miles south of Karbala, then walk from there. During the procession, tents, or mawakib, stationed beside the path provide rest and refreshment for pilgrims. For Iraqis, these mawakib are unofficially organized by region.
Al-Ḥusayn ibn ‘Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib (Arabic: الحسين ابن علي ابن أبي طالب‎‎‎; 10 January 626 – 10 October 680) (5 Sha'aban AH 4 (in the ancient (intercalated) Arabic calendar) – 10 Muharram AH 61) (His name also spelled as "Husain", "Hussain" or "Hussein"), was the grandson of the Islamic Nabi (Arabic: نَـبِي‎‎, Prophet) Muhammad, and the son of ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib (the fourth Rashid caliph of Sunni Islam, and first Shi‘ite Imam) and Fatimah the daughter of Muhammad.

Al-Husayn became the head of Shi‘ite Islam and Banu Hashim after the death of his older brother, Al-Hasan, in 670 ACE (50 AH). His father's supporters (Arabic: شـيـعـة عـلي‎‎, Shi‘at ‘Ali) in Al-Kufah gave their allegiance to him. However, he told them he was still bound to the peace treaty between Al-Hasan and Muawiyah I and they should wait until Mu‘awiyah was dead. Later, Al-Husain did not accept the request of Mu‘awiyah for the succession of his son, Yazid I, and considered this action a breach of the Hasan–Muawiya treaty.[1]

He was killed and beheaded in the Battle of Karbala’ on 10 October 680 (10 Muḥarram 61) by Shimr Ibn Thil-Jawshan, along with most of his family and companions.[9] Anger at Al-Husayn's death was turned into a rallying cry that helped undermine the Umayyad caliphate's legitimacy, and ultimately overthrow it by the ‘Abbasid Revolution.[10][11]

Al-Husayn is highly regarded by Shi‘ite Muslims for refusing to pledge allegiance to Yazid,[12] the Umayyad caliph, because he considered the rule of the Umayyads unjust.[12] The annual memorial for him, his family, his children and his companions is the first month in the Islamic calendar, Muharram and the day he was martyred is the Ashura (tenth day of Muharram) and is a day of mourning for Shia Muslims. His action at Karbala fuelled the later Shia movements.[11]
The Battle of Karbala took place on Muharram 10, in the year 61 AH of the Islamic calendar (October 10, 680 AD)a in Karbala, in present-day Iraq.[6] The battle took place between a small group of supporters and relatives of Muhammad's grandson, Husayn ibn Ali, and a larger military detachment from the forces of Yazid I, the Umayyad caliph.

As the "height of oppression" and "the peak of Umayyad brutality against the Prophetic family",[108] "Karbala paradigm" had its own political impacts since pre-Safavid times and oppressors were often called "Yazids of the age."[109] Revenge for battle of Karbala became "the core of the Shia collective memory and sentiment" since then and it had a determining role on "shaping religious perceptions." From political viewpoint, "Karbala-oriented epic literature" acted as an ideological stimulus to the Safavid revolution and Mourning of Muharram kept its political functions under the Islamic Republic of Iran.[108]
Yazīd ibn Mu‘āwiya (Arabic: يزيد بن معاوية بن أبي سفيان‎‎; 20 July 647 – 11 November 683), commonly known as Yazid I, was the second Caliph of the Umayyad Caliphate (and the first one through inheritance). Yazid was the Caliph as appointed by his father Muawiyah I and ruled for three years from 680 CE until his death in 683 CE.
When Husayn was killed in Karbala, Abdullah ibn al-Zubayr started an insurgency in the Hejaz (Mecca and Medina) and the Tihamah. Upon hearing this, Yazid had a silver chain made and sent it to Mecca with the intention of having Walid ibn Utbah arrest Ibn al-Zubayr with it.[SUP][14][/SUP] Umayyad forces tried to end the rebellion by invading the Hejaz in 683. Medina was taken after the Battle of al-Harrah, the Tihamah was invaded and siege was laid to Mecca. Yazid's sudden death in 683, however, ended the campaign and threw the caliphate into disarray and civil war.

According to Shia belief, the true meaning of the name Karbalā was narrated to Muhammad by the archangel Gabriel as being, "the land which will cause many agonies (karb) and afflictions (balā)."[20]
The grave of Imam Husayn is found in the middle of the precinct, and is called the "Rawda" or "Garden" and it has several entry gates. Within the shrine of Imam Husayn can also be found a grave of all the 72 martyrs of Karbalā. They were buried in a mass grave which was then covered with soil to the ground level. This mass grave is at the foot of Imam Husayn's grave. As well, beside Imam Husayn's grave are the graves of his two sons: ‘Alī al-Akbar and the 6-month old, ‘Alī al-Asghar. Also buried within the mosque Ibrāhīm Mujab (son of the seventh Twelver Shī‘ah Imām, Imam Mūsā al-Kādhim), who spent his life preaching about Karbalā.
Following the Battle of Karbala which led to the massacre of Husayn ibn Ali, the grandson of Muhammad, and his kin and companions by the Umayyad army in 680 CE, the Shias used this event as a rallying cry of opposition against the Umayyads. The Abbasids also used the memory of Karbala extensively to gain popular support against the Umayyads.[18]

Coming to power three decades after the death of the Muslim prophet Muhammad and immediately after the Rashidun Caliphate, the Umayyads were a feudal Arab empire ruling over a population which was overwhelmingly non-Arab as well as primarily non-Muslim. Non-Arabs were treated as second class citizens regardless of whether or not they converted to Islam, and this discontent cutting across faiths and ethnicities ultimately led to the Umayyad's overthrow.[SUP][1][/SUP]The Abbasid family claimed to have descended from al-Abbas, an uncle of the Prophet.