- Dec 2013
They don't need to be removed. If they see that their public image is tarnished by some stance that they took which goes against public opinion, and there is heat on them from constituents that could affect their ability to fund raise, they suddenly see the light and reconsider. It happens all the time. There is the election poll, which is of course important, but there is also the continual poll of public opinion. Public opinion is probably more precisely studied in the US (mostly for marketing research and advertising reasons, but those same research firms are happy to do work for political campaigns) than anywhere on Earth.at least every 2 to 6 years. until then, the citizens have no recourse. they cannot be removed (on the federal level) - with the exception of being impeached.